Piano sheet music is filled with symbols, words, notes, musical notation, rests and musical terms. The interval is one. However have you any idea how you can read intervals on piano sheet music? To respond to this query you need to understand the way to read notes on piano sheet music and just what an interval is such as interval names.
1. How You Can Read Notes On Piano sheet Music
a) Each particular note includes ledger lines (lines above and below the stave) and a particular position on the stave (set of 5 lines and 4 spaces) . They’re known as space notes (notes written in the spaces between the lines) or line notes (notes written over the line).
b) There’s a treble stave utilizing a treble clef, a bass stave that utilizes the bass clef and a grand staff that is consisting of the treble stave joined up to the bass stave using a vertical line.
c) To assist individuals remember the notes there’re sayings. Work from the lowest space or line upwards.
~ The Bass Staff Notes:
Line Notes: G B D F A Good Boys Deserve Fruit Always
C is on the ledger line on top of the top stave line.
Space Notes: A C E G B All Cows Eat Grass Beautifully
~ The Treble Staff Notes:
Line Notes: E G B D F Every Good Boy Deserves Fruit
C is on the ledger line beneath the 5th line of the stave.
Space Notes: F A C E
D is on the space beneath the 5th line of the stave.
a) What exactly is an Interval?
An interval will be the distance in pitch in between 2 notes played one by one (known as Melodic Interval) or concurrently (known as Harmonic Interval). You are taking it from the lower note to the upper note.
In piano sheet music you frequently get yourself a melody line filled with melodic intervals in the right-hand and a harmony line with harmonic intervals in the left-hand. Nevertheless, you should be expecting to discover the two kinds of intervals utilized in right-hand and left-hand.
b) Interval Names: Each interval is provided a particular name.
~ To Begin With you learn how to read intervals on piano sheet music as harmonic intervals and melodic intervals.
Check out this particular example utilizing C being the lowest note.
C to D is a 2nd
C to E is a 3rd
C to F is a 4th
C to G is a 5th
C to A is a 6th
C to B is a 7th
Just place the words harmonic or melodic in front of the interval number based on if the notes are played one by one or together. for example melodic 5th, harmonic 2nd
~ When You Advance with understanding of key signatures, semitones, tones, minor and major scales, you understand how to read intervals on piano sheets as minor, major, diminished, perfect, augmented. All these continue being harmonic or melodic.
Minor, Major and Perfect Intervals
Seconds, thirds, sixths and sevenths could be minor or major based on the number of semitones they include. A semitone will be the shortest distance in between 2 notes or keys for example, white key to white key, black key to white key. A minor interval is created by lowering the upper note of the major interval by one semitone.
Fourths, fifths and octaves are usually best intervals. A perfect interval will be the interval in which the two notes are located in the major scale. for example an interval of a 4th from C to F is perfect due to the fact that C and F are located in both scales of C major & F major.
minor 2nd has 1 semitone
major 2nd has 2 semitones
minor 3rd has 3 semitones
major 3rd has 4 semitones
perfect 4th has 5 semitones
perfect 5th has 7 semitones
minor 6th has 8 semitones
major 6th has 9 semitones
minor 7th has 10 semitones
major 7th has 11 semitones
You will form an augmented interval from a perfect or major interval by raising the upper note 1 semitone. Therefore you raise major 2nds and 6ths and perfect 4ths and 5ths in becoming augmented 2nds, 6ths,4ths and 5ths. for example C to D is a major 2nd: C to D# is an augmented 2nd.
You form a diminished interval from a perfect or minor interval by lowering the upper note by 1 semitone. Therefore you lower minor 3rds and 7ths and perfect 4ths and 5ths to diminished 3rds, 7ths, 4ths and 5ths. for example C to Eb is a minor 3rd: C to Ebb is a diminished 3rd.
Please be aware that with diminished and augmented intervals they have to keep the exact same letter name as their minor, major or perfect equivalent.
Essentially to read intervals on piano sheet music you must know your minor and major scales as well as their key signatures.
In the event the 2 notes fit into the key of the scale then you’ll understand the interval is minor, major or perfect. You then count the letter names from the lowest written note to the highest note including these 2 notes.for example it might be the distance of a Fourth ie line note to space note as in E to A. You are able to play both of these notes on the piano too and count the semitones.
When there is a flat, sharp or natural sign written by the note as an accidental on the music then you’ll realize that the interval could possibly be augmented and diminished. for example the key is C major and the notes are C to F#. the interval is augmented Fifth. Therefore simply go through the exact approach as above with counting the notes on the sheet music to obtain the number for example 2nd, 4th and so on and after that play the notes and count the semitones to obtain the name.
Therefore if you wish to read intervals on piano sheet music now you have more concept of how to carrying it out.